Community Generated Resources

Old Forces and New Dynamics Create Wicked Problems

Caplan, R., Hanson, L. and Donovan, J. (2018). Dead Reckoning, Data & Society. Retrieved from:

Del Vicario, M., Bessi, A., Zollo, F., Petroni, F., Scala, A., Caldarelli, G., Stanley, H. E. and Quattrociocchi, W. (2016) The spreading of misinformation online. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 113 (3), 554-559. Retrieved from:

Lewandowsky, S., Ecker, U. and Cook, J. (2017) Beyond misinformation: Understanding and coping with the “post-truth” era. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. 6 (4), 353-369. Retrieved from:

Marwick, A. and Lewis, R. (2017, May 15). Media Manipulation and Disinformation Online. Retrieved from:

Tucker, J., Guess, A., Barberá, P., Vaccari, C.,  Siegel, A., Sanovich, S., Stukal, D., and Nyhan, B.(2018, March) Social Media, Political Polarization, and Political Disinformation. Hewlett Foundation. Retrieved from:

Wardle, C., and Derakhshan, H. (2017). “INFORMATION DISORDER: Toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policy making.” Harvard Kennedy School Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy. Retrieved from:

Wardle, C. (2017). Fake news. It’s complicated. First Draft. Retrieved from:

How Platforms Change… and Change Us

Bickert, M. (2018, April 24). Publishing Our Internal Enforcement Guidelines and Expanding Our Appeals Process. Facebook Newsroom. Retrieved from:

Crawford, K., and Gillespie, T. (2014). What is a flag for? Social media reporting tools and the vocabulary of complaint. New Media & Society. doi:10.1177/1461444814543163. Retrieved from:

Gillespie, T. (2017). Governance of and by platforms. In Jean Burgess, Thomas Poell, and Alice Marwick (Eds.), SAGE Handbook of Social Media. London, UK: SAGE. Retrieved from:

Lapaowsky, I and Levy, S. (2018, April 24). Here’s What Facebook Won’t Let You Post. Wired Magazine. Retrieved from:

Massanari, A. (2017). # Gamergate and The Fappening: How Reddit’s algorithm, governance, and culture support toxic technocultures. New Media & Society, 19(3), 329-346. Retrieved from:

Napoli, Philip M., and Caplan, Robyn. (2017). Why media companies insist they’re not media companies, why they’re wrong, and why it matters. First Monday, 22(5). Retrieved from:

Plantin, J.-C., Lagoze, C., Edwards, P. N., and Sandvig, C. (2016). Infrastructure studies meet platform studies in the age of Google and Facebook. New Media & Society. doi:10.1177/1461444816661553

Out of Context & Out of Control

Buolamwini, J. (January 26 2018). How I’m Fighting Bias in algorithms [Ted Talk]. Retrieved from:

Monahan, T. (2018). Algorithmic Fetishism. Surveillance & Society, 16(1), 1-5. Retrieved from:

Noble, S. U. (2018). Algorithms of Oppression: How search engines reinforce racism. NYU Press.

Roberts, S. T. (2018). Digital detritus: ‘Error’ and the logic of opacity in social media content moderation. First Monday, 23(3). Retrieved from:

Wells, M. T., Ajunwa, I., Barocas, S., Duffy, B. E., and Ziewitz, M. (2018) Algorithms, Big Data, and Inequality. Cornell University. Retrieved from:

Recognizing and Addressing the Limitations of Practical Interventions

Ananny, M. (2018, April 4) Checking in with the Facebook fact-checking partnership. Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved from:

Ciampaglia, G. L., Shiralkar, P., Rocha, L. M., Bollen, J., Menczer, F., and Flammini, A. (2015) Computational fact checking from knowledge networks. PloS one, 10(6), e0128193. Retrieved from:

Egele, M., Stringhini, G., Kruegel, C., and Vigna, G. (2017) Towards detecting compromised accounts on social networks. IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing. 14 (4), 447-460. Retrieved from:

Fletcher, R., Schifferes, S., and Thurman, N. (2017) Building the ‘Truthmeter’: Training algorithms to help journalists assess the credibility of social media sources. Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies. 135485651771495. Retrieved from:

Jankowski, N. W. (2018). Researching Fake News: A Selective Examination of Empirical Studies. Javnost-The Public, 25(1-2), 248-255. Retrieved from:

Long, Y., Lu, Q., Xiang, R., Li, M., and Huang, C. R. (2017). Fake News Detection Through Multi-Perspective Speaker Profiles. In Proceedings of the Eighth International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (Volume 2: Short Papers) (Vol. 2, pp. 252-256). Retrieved from:

Ruchansky, N., Seo, S., and Liu, Y. (2017). CSI: A Hybrid Deep Model for Fake News. arXiv preprint arXiv:1703.06959. Retrieved from:

Shu, K., Sliva, A., Wang, S., Tang, J., and Liu, H. (2017). Fake news detection on social media: A data mining perspective. ACM SIGKDD Explorations Newsletter, 19(1), 22-36. Retrieved from:

Shu, K., Wang, S., and Liu, H. (2017). Exploiting Tri-Relationship for Fake News Detection. arXiv preprint arXiv:1712.07709. Retrieved from:

Research-Industry Relationships and Data Diversity

Brooks, C. (2018, March 15). It’s time for Facebook to share more data with researchers. Wired Magazine. Retrieved from:

Gonzalez, R. (2018, March 22). Facebook’s new data restrictions will handcuff even honest researchers. Wired Magazine. Retrieved from:

Gray, M. L. (2015, August 21). The future of work: Caring for the crowdworker going it alone. Pacific Standard.  Retrieved from:

Gray, M.L., Suri, S. (2017, January 9) The Humans Working Behind the AI Curtain. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from:

Hossain, N., and Scott-Villiers, P. (2018). Ethical and Methodological Issues in Large Qualitative Participatory Studies. American Behavioral Scientist, 0(0), 0002764218775782. doi:10.1177/0002764218775782

Kitchin, R. (2016). Thinking critically about and researching algorithms. Information, Communication & Society, 1-16. doi:10.1080/1369118X.2016.1154087

King, G., Persily, N. (2018, April 9) A New Model for Industry-Academic Partnerships. Retrieved from:

Seaver, N. (2017). Algorithms as culture: Some tactics for the ethnography of algorithmic systems. Big Data & Society, 4(2), 2053951717738104. doi:10.1177/2053951717738104

Zook, M., Barocas, S., boyd, d., Crawford, K., Keller, E., Gangadharan, S. P., Pasquale, F. (2017). Ten simple rules for responsible big data research. PLoS Computational Biology, 13(3), e1005399. Retrieved from:

Policy Interventions and Considerations

Angwin, J. (2018, April 5). How the Government could fix Facebook. The Atlantic.

California State Legislation. (2018) SB-1424 Internet: social media: advisory group. Plans to make platforms / publishers responsible for content verification. Retrieved from:

California State Legislature (2018) AB-1950 Consumers: Internet privacy. Plans to make social media website operators identify ‘bot’ accounts. Retrieved from:

Clark, J. D., Faris, R. M., Morrison-Westphal, R. J., Noman, H., Tilton, C. B., and Zittrain, J. L. (2017). The shifting landscape of global internet censorship. The Internet Monitor. Retrieved from:

Guardian, The. (2017, June 30). Germany approves plans to fine social media firms up to €50m. The Guardian. Retrieved from:

Klonick, K. (2017). The New Governors: The People, Rules, and Processes Governing Online Speech. SSRN. Retrieved from:

Solon, O. (2018, April 19). How Europe’s ‘breakthrough’ privacy law takes on Facebook and Google. The Guardian. Retrieved from:

Kaye, D. (2018, April 6). A Human Rights Approach to Platform Content Regulation. United Nations, Human Rights Council. Retrieved from:

Marda, V., Milan, S. (2018, May 21). Wisdom of the Crowd: Multistakeholder perspectives on the Fake News Debate. DATACTIVE Ideas Lab. Retrieved from:

Agenda and Infrastructures for Discovery and Engagement

Anderson, J. and Raine, L. (2017) The Future of Truth and Misinformation Online. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from:

Ciampaglia, G. L. (2018). The Digital Misinformation Pipeline. In Positive Learning in the Age of Information (pp. 413-421). Springer VS, Wiesbaden.

High Level Group on Fake News (European Commission) (2018). A multidimensional approach to disinformation. European Commission. Retrieved from:

Lazer, D., Baum, M., Grinberg, N., Friedland, L., Joseph, K., Hobbs, W., and Mattsson, C. (2017). Combating fake news: An agenda for research and action. Harvard Kennedy School, Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy, 2. Retrieved from:

Zuckerman, E. (2017, January 18). It’s Journalism’s Job to Save Civics. Medium. Retrieved from:

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